Located on the banks of the Guadalquivir, the ancient Isturgi of Iberians and Romans is an essential landmark in the geography and history of the province of Jaén.
It has a splendid Historic Center declared of Cultural Interest, but also with the Sierra de Andújar Natural Park, one of the largest patches of Mediterranean forest on the Peninsula and which is home to highly threatened species such as the lynx, the wolf and the imperial eagle, which has one of its last settlements in these mountains.
Discover Saint John of the Cross and Miguel Hernández in Andújar
It will be easy for you to get there, Andújar is located about 47 km from the capital of Jaén, being the head of the Comarca de la Campiña de Jaén and has the largest municipal area in the entire province.
In this town there is an autograph (original manuscript) of Saint John of the Cross, known as the manuscript or codex of Andújar.
You can also follow in the footsteps of Miguel Hernández in the siege of the Virgen de la Cabeza Sanctuary.
An interesting itinerary that you should not miss.
The parochial temple of Santa María known as “la Mayor”, speaks of its preeminence over the other parish churches of the city. The church is one of the most precious jewels of the Andujar heritage and remarkable for the wealth in form of movable property that it treasures, as we can highlight the presence of an authentic Greco, the Prayer in the orchard, in the altarpiece of the Main Chapel or the San Juan autograph of Sayings of Light and Love in the chapel and altar of Cristo de la Paciencia, which make it one of the most significant temples…
There are some images that attest the presence of the poet in the siege of the Sanctuary, some exhorting the troops and others at the command post of the republican troops. This helps the poet to convey in detail the development of the siege, as he explains in On the taking of Cabeza. Letter and clarification. “(…) I attended the combat from the first moments, although without pencil or paper, I do not like nor can I exploit the moment I live, and I prefer to relive it remembering it. (…) South Front. Number 15, May 13, 1937 .
The Sanctuary of Virgen de la Cabeza is located about 32 kilometers from the urban center of Andújar. It stands on the Cerro del Cabezo, in the foothills of the Sierra de Andújar Natural Park, reaching panoramic views of great interest. The primitive Sanctuary dates from the end of the 13th century, and a remodeling was made in the 16th century by the famous Renaissance architect Andrés de Vandelvira. During the siege of the Sanctuary of the Virgen de la Cabeza, the temple was almost totally destroyed and rebuilt years later by the General Directorate of Devastated Regions and Reparations.…