Plaza de Santa María (Cathedral of Jaén)

Going up Príncipe Alfonso Street, we access the Plaza de Santa María and the Cathedral of Jaén.

Due to the beauty of the environment, as well as its size, it is the best space to delve into the poet’s gaze on the bombing of Jaén, which he reveals through the articles published in Frente Sur in the following days.

The author was not in the city at that time as he was undertaking propaganda functions on the Extremadura front, but his wife was present, so the bombing must have affected him in a special way.

“(…) Jaén is bombed: the trinitrotoluene shakes and bursts even the deepest stones of the city, and the houses collapse, and the mothers do not know where to hide with their children, and the innocent dead, the shattered, are a bloody amount of heads, arms, and disconcerted flesh (…)

(…) Has Jaén already awakened from her incredulous and Moorish slumber? (…) “

Miguel Hernandez. South Front. “The bombed city”, no 7 – April 11, 1937-.

According to the historian Juan Cuevas Mata in his book “The bombardment of Jaén”, the squadrons of bombers deployed over the city, crossing it from south to north, leaving the Cathedral that was their main reference to the left (159 people died, the bombing that left the most deaths in a single action in the Spanish Civil War).